First off, just like a dog would be a "canine", farm animals have scientific names as well.
Cattle are termed: bovine.
Let's start with cattle: a baby is called a "calf".
A baby is either a female: heifer....meaning she has not had her first calf....
....or the baby is a male: bull.
As they grow, their 'titles' will change. A female will no longer be a heifer after she has her first calf, she will then become: a cow.
A male, however, will stay a bull all of his life. Unless he is castrated, meaning he is unable to be used for breeding purposes. If castrated, he will become: a steer.
And, that's pretty much it for cattle! Stay tuned for next week's Farm Fact Friday edition: naming sheep!